In the simplest of terms, glaucoma is an eye condition in which pressure at the front of the eye begins to increase. This slowly begins to damage the optic nerve, leading to eventual loss of vision. It is the second leading cause of blindness, particularly in those over 60.
Types of Glaucoma
The three most common types of glaucoma are:
- Open-angle glaucoma: The most common kind of glaucoma. It generally has no symptoms and causes gradual loss of vision
- Closed-angle glaucoma: The least common kind of glaucoma. It is characterized by quick pressure changes and presents with several symptoms
- Normal-tension glaucoma: This kind of glaucoma is seen in people with a family history of glaucoma and cardiovascular issues.