How to clone Cannabis easily ?

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How-To Guide: How to clone Cannabis thumbnail

How to make your cuttings? What branch to use? Let's look into all that

Hi there and welcome (back) to Free the Tree!
Today we’re going to cover one of the easiest ways to clone your plant. We will also give you some useful tips if you’re planing on transporting them.

The good news is that marijuana is such a resilient plant so making clones is pretty easy to make.
Generally for newbies the success rate is of about 50%, so if this is your situation prepare 2x more cuttings than what you need 😉

How to make a Cannabis clone

As we started to say in the first paragraph, Marijuana is a very resilient plant so making cuttings off of her isn’t a very hard to make cuttings off of them.
In this section we will share how we’ve come to clone our strains. It’s pretty simple and straight forward, without using much more than water and the power of nature 🙂

5 steps to make your cannabis clones

  1. Prepare your equipment
  2. Cut the branches
  3. Placing stem in water
  4. Placing the cutting in the right conditions
  5. Clone rooting

Video : How to clone cannabis

Before getting into each step, we  make a 30 second video to show you how we make our own cuttings, home it helps out 😉

Step 1 – Prepare everything you will need

When you’ve cut the branch from your plant you’re going to have to act quickly, so it’s definitely a good thing to have everything prepared before you get started. Lets go over what you need to clone your strain

Equipment used to clone here

  • A pair of sterilized scissors
  • Water
  • Plastic wrap, better cut couple squares before hand so every is ready when needed
  • Cup, preferably small and made of glass
  • And of course, branches than you can cut (see how to choose your branch)

Step 2 – Cut the branch you want to clone

This is pretty self-explanatory, you’re going to want to cut the branch and than place it quickly into water.
Here are a couple things you should be careful for:

  • Sanitize your scissors or other cutting tool. You want to limit as much as possible the possible contact with germs.
  • Cut the branch at about a 45° angle and close to the main stem.
  • Remove most of the foliage : As you can see in the picture here, we’ve removed almost all the foliage. She really doesn’t need much here to root, the most important is for her not to sweat.

If you’re asking yourself, “that’s nice, but how do I choose which branches to cut”, we got you 🙂 either read on or go right to our section on choosing which branches to clone

small branch cut from mother plant
(disclosure - this is a very small branch to clone)

Step 3 – Place the Stem in water

Once you cut the branch you need to place them quickly the glass of water you’ve prepared!

The reason for this is to avoid an air bubble to enter into the stem. If one was to introduce itself into the stem, the cutting will die for sure! (just like if an air bubble gets into our veins)

This step is crucial for your cutting to survive.

Step 4 – Place the cutting in your final glass & cover it

Until the cutting start developing some roots you need to keep her in an environment with 90-100% of humidity so that they don’t sweat, if your plant sweats without a root system, she will dry out and most likely die.

With time the way we have come to do this is by placing plastic wrap on the top of a small glass. While letting the light through for photosynthesis it seals and preserves the humidity, just perfect.

And voilà! you have you’re branches ready to root 🙂 
Now one thing to know here, since we’re using water to root, the cuttings will make ‘water adapted roots’. Once you will transplant them to soil, the plant is going to have to make some efforts in order to adapt from a full water medium to a soil medium.

cuttings ready to to root
4 clones ready for the grow tent

Step 5 – Place the cutting in the grow room & wait

Now that you have defoliated then branches and sealed them in their cup with some water they’re ready to go into the grow room!
Within a weed, 10 days, you should see some root activity 🙂 

Remember, the key here is keeping the humidity levels of her environment between 90 and 100% so that she doesn’t sweat.

What light intensity do your clones need?

Clones don’t actually need much light in terms of intensity, you can place them at your windowsill and it’s fine; What they do need, like all other cannabis plants, is a stable, and vegetation cycle light schedule, meaning at least over 14hours a day of light.

4 clones rooting

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Which Branches to Prune to make your clones?

This is a fundamental point on having successful cuttings.

You might think that it doesn’t really matter which auxiliary branch you decide to prune in order to make your cuttings but it really does.
The branches lowest to the ground contain the newest hormones but also most rooting hormones. These 2 factors will strongly increase the chances of success of the cloning operation.

Cloning is one of the most traumatic things that a plant can live. In order to survive they must quickly adapt, change their whole chemistry in order to start producing roots and survive. The newer the hormones, the better chances of success.

It’s also important to note that smaller cuttings root much quicker than thinker one’s since they need much less energy to sustain themselves and focus on root growth.

Newer branches with newer hormones are easier to clone than ones near the Apex of the plant
Branches with newest hormones are easier to clone

Which branches to clone – Recap 

  • Make your cuttings from the bottom branches
  • The larger the cutting, the longer it will take for it to develop a root system.

What do clones need to survive?

Humidity, humidity and a little light. The most important thing is humidity levels to reduce sweating until she has started developing some roots.

This is why we remove so much foliage, less foliage is less possible sweating, as she doesn’t need much energy, a small amount of foliage is enough for her to photosynthesis enough.

The other important factor, but this is true for any stage of cannabis, is a stable light cycle; If her light cycle is erratic this will stress her out, leading to death or other weird situations (ie: some of our rooted clones started flowering due to this stress)

As we will cover below, it’s also best to clone using the vegetation stage photoperiod, meaning over 14hours of light.

What light schedule (photoperiod) should i set for my clones?

Clones are still in the vegetation phase so you should keep a 18h light, 6h dark light cycle.
It’s important to have a timer here, you don’t want to add extra stress linked to fluctuating day/night hours.

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How to transport your clones

Transporting freshly cut cuttings is actually pretty simple once you know how to do so, although you need to be pretty quick, the longer the trip the more chances the cuttings won’t survive.
In order for you to maximize your chances we’ve grouped these couple steps together 🙂

1. Prepare your materials

So the materials for this are pretty simple, all you need is:

  • A pair of scissors in order to remove the branche(s).
    Don’t forget to disinfect the scissors before using them in order to prevent bacteria transmission.
  • An air-tight jar. Fill this jar about half way in water.

With this you’re ready to get your cuttings to go!

Jar in order to transport cuttings

2. Placing the cuttings in Water

As soon as you cut the branches off the main stem you want to place them in water. As we said in step 2 of cutting making, it’s crucial that you do this quickly so that no air bubble places itself into vein.

2 Blue Kush cuttings in the jar

3. Closing the Jar and Transport

Once your branches are in the water, close the jar and place them in a dark environment, after which you’re good to go!

The quicker you’ll get them into the block of rock-wool the greater the chances of success.

jar closed maintaining 100% humidity

And there you go! Your clones are ready to be transported where need be 🙂  

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Alright folks that’s it for this one! Don’t hesitate to get in touch with us if you have any questions, or if you want to share your cloning experiences

Until next time,
Be safe and grow easy

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