How to germinate Marijuana Seeds
Germinating your marijuana seeds is one the first step into a long journey through many different stages. There aren’t many steps involved in germination but you do have to be careful and keep a regular eye on the seeds or else you might just end the journey here.
This is one of the reasons why we made this guide explaining how to germinate marijuana seeds easily.
If it can help you maximise you germination rate then we’re happy!
Table of content of our How-to Guide
- Equipment needed to germinate a seed
- What do Cannabis seeds need to germinate
- How to Germinate Marijuana Seeds
- The best way to germinate weed seeds (must read)
- How to plant germinated marijuana seeds (must read)
- How long to germinate seeds in a paper towel
- How long after germination should you plant
- How long for seeds to break the soil
- Watering your germinated seeds in the soil (must read)
- How to store marijuana seeds
What equipment do you need to germinate marijuana seeds
- 2 plates or saucers. The more seeds you have the bigger they need to be
- 4 sheets of paper towel. You’ll want to put 2 underneath the seeds and 2 above them
- Cannabis seeds (obviously ^^)
For the “paper towel” technique that’s it!
We haven’t had the time to create a guide to starting seeds in soil, but here’s some good tips from rodalesorganiclife.com on that subject, but promise we’ll cover that soon!
Let’s look at what do marijuana seeds need to get their germination going
What do Marijuana seeds need to germinate
Here’s what seeds need to germinate, so follow these steps in order to maximise your seed germination rate
- Moisture: Moisture will wake the seed up and get it to start its taproot going. You want the paper towel moist, not soaked! It has to be moist enough for the taproot to wake up, but not enough for it to stay in the shell. It needs to stretch towards the humidity in order to break the seed shell.
- Darkness: This is why you have a second plate, you’ll want to cover the seeds up so that they stay in the dark. You can (and should) still check out how they’re doing regularly but but don’t keep them out apart from that.
- Tranquility: The seeds need peace while the taproot is pushing through. Don’t move them around or touch them, you have to be patient while waiting for the taproot!
If you do have to move them around, be very gentle with them.
- Warmth: Keep the environment warm but not to hot, between 20°C and 25°C is the best temperature for the best germination rate.
Remember you’re trying to reproduce nature, so think spring time, when seeds are naturally germinating in order to take full advantage of the summer heat and sunlight.
They can still germinate in colder weather but it will take them longer to do so.
Never let your seeds dry up from that moment on! Dryness will kill the taproot, ending any chance of it being planted. So it’s very important for you to be checking the humidity level of the paper towel at least twice a day.
How to germinate Marijuana seeds
There are many different ways to germinate a seed, here we’ll cover the 2 main techniques, Direct Seed and Pre-soaking the seed.
The outcome is the same, so pick the technique you’re most comfortable with and/or the one you get the best success rate.
Technique 1 : Pre-soaking in water
The idea behind this technique is to get the seed wet before setting it into a paper towel in order to speed up the germination process. You’ll want to be careful and not soak it too much or else the seed will suffer oxygen deprivation and rot, which will kill it. Here’s a step by step process
- Place your seeds in a glass of water overnight.
Do NOT leave them more than 24 hours or else they will die.
- Place the seeds in a wet paper tower.
- Store in a warm environment, between 21-32°C (70-90°F) and in the dark.
Check on it at least once a day, if it’s not humid anymore add some water too it.
- Once the seed has germinated and you see th tap root break the shell, carefully pick it up (with tweezers) and plant it into the soil (or rockwool). You want the white root time to be pointing downwards.
Remember not to plant them too deep, you really want it within the first half-inch (2cm) of the soil.
The seeds should germinate in the clothe within a few days tops.
Technique 2 : Direct Seeds
The Direct Seed technique consists in germinating the seed in a paper tower than placing it in rockwool right away. You could place them right away in the rockwool, without germinating them but the seeds may heave out before germinating, which is why it’s best to germinate them before putting them into the substrate.
Here’s the step by step
- Place the seeds in a paper tower and soak it
- Store the seeds in a warm (21-32°C) & dark area. Keep an eye on the paper daily to make sure it stays humid.
- Once the seed has germinated, carefully (with tweezers) place it in the whole at the center of the rockwool, place it about 1/2 inch (1.5cm) deep into it.
Make sure not to expose the tap root too long to light or air.
- Humidify the rockwool. Keep an eye on it on a daily basis and add water in order to keep it evenly moist (but not soggy!).
- Once the tap root has grown out of the rockwool plant it into the soil and watch yor barbie grow.
What is the best way to germinate a Marijuana seed?
This is the “paper towel” technique the easiest and best way to geminate a seed. Here’s how to do so step by step
- Get the equipment you’ve prepared (paper and plates).
- Get the 2 bottom sheets of paper moist.
It is important to get this part right, if the tissue is too wet, the root won’t need to crack the seed shell to access that humidity.
To dry though and the taproot will dry up and die within the shell.
- Place the seeds between the sheets of tissue and on a plate.
- Place the 2nd plate over the first in order to keep the seeds in the dark and store them between 20°C and 25°C
- During the next couple days, keep an eye on the humidity of the paper. When it’s needed (and it will be) drop a couple drops of water onto the paper.
- Once you see the taproot has exited the shell it’s ready to be planted into soil
And that’s it! It’ll take a couple days for the seeds to germinate, once that’s done you need to place them into the soil
image credits to Sensiseeds
How to Plant Germinated Marijuana Seeds
- Make a small whole in the middle of your soil. It should be between 5mm and 10mm deep, and a little wider that your seed.
- Carefully pick up the germinated seeds. I suggest using tweezers or something that will allow you to do this as gently as possible
- Place the seed into the soil, root facing downward
- Cover up the whole and the seed with soil
- Place a light about 15/20cm (7.8 inch) over the soil
- Wait a couple days
image credit to Sensiseeds
Now that you know how to germinate your seeds and plant the germinated seeds into soil you’re probably wondering how long this whole process takes right? Let’s get into that
How long to germinate seeds in a paper towel
The short answer is between 1 and 7 days depending on the seed, strain and environment.
But really it can strongly change depending on the room temperature and how well you keep the paper towel at the optimum humidity level.
Once you’ve planted the germinated seeds in the soil it can take between couple days and up to a week for them to break ground. This will mainly depend on how developed the root was, the humidity level in the soil and the quality of the medium.
How long after germination should you plant the seed
So here there’s no actual timeline, you have to look at the taproot. Once it have broken the shell of the seed, and it’s at least 2/3mm long then you should plant it in the soil. Waiting longer isn’t an issue, although you have to make sure to keep the humidity levels up in order for it not to dry up and die.
As we’ve seen earlier in this article you’ll want to plant the root facing downward and between 5mm and 10mm in the soil
How long does it take for the germinated seeds to break ground
The short answer is between 3 and 10 days.
But again this is going to depend very much on how deep you planted the seed, how developed the taproot was when you planted it, how you have been watering the seed in the soil, the temperature of the room, the humidity levels and quality of the medium you’ve planted the seeds in.
If you’ve planted the seeds within the soil over 10 days ago then chances are it died within the medium.. Don’t give up just yet because they can take longer but it’s really not a good sign.
You can try and move the top of the medium to see if you can see the top of the first leaf making its way through the medium, but be careful not to disturb it if it’s there!
The other way is to wait and see, keep your light on and watering it for another couple days
Make sure that you’re watering the seed with pH’d water (around 6.5) and when doing so you’re not disturbing the medium too much. We’ll cover that more in depth further down the page
How to water your germinated seeds while it’s in the soil
Believe it or not this is one of the most important steps. If you’re thinking that since its still a seed you don’t have to be as careful during the watering you’re way off!
Follow these couple steps to maximise the chances to see your germinated seeds break ground:
- Make sure you’re using pH’ed water. We’ve done a whole guide on watering your plants and measuring pH levels in your water if you want to know more, but keep in mind that you’re aiming for a pH around 6.5
- Don’t disturb the soil. You don’t want to just dumb the water onto the soil, this will raise the medium layers and disturb the root while it’s trying to take ground.
- Use a spray to water the area over and around the seed.
You want to cover a circular surface around the seed in order for the first lateral roots to start spreading horizontally within the soil.
- Keep the top layers of the medium humid. You’ll most likely need to be watering every 2 days.
- Keep a light about 20cm (8inch) above the soil
How to store your Marijuana seeds
Storing Marijuana seeds is pretty straight forward, here’s how to do so:
- Keep your seeds in a dark space
- Keep you seeds in a dry environment. Humidity will wake them up
- Keep your seeds at room temperature. Some say it’s best to keep them in the colder temperatures, like in you refrigerator.
It’s true that this reduces risks of germinating the seed, especially if you live in a humid environment. If you’re not in that type of weather room temp is fine
And voilà! You can keep your seeds until you’re ready to get them started!
Well that’s all for this one folk’s! If we you didn’t find your answer don’t hesitate to send a message with the form below and we’ll try and cover it ASAP!
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Until next time, be safe and grow easy
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